Mario Niklitschek

The expansion of the forest industry in Chile. The role of afforestation policies and harvest planning

Mario Niklitschek and Gonzalo Paredes
Instituto de Manejo Forestal, Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile
Day 2 10:00-10:50

Over the last three decades, the area under forest plantationts in Chile has increased by more than 1.5 million hectares. This afforested area is the resource base of a forest industry oriented to the production of pulp, sawnwood, and panels; contributing with 10 percent of the country´s exports. Economy wide (trade opening and land tenure security) and sector specific (plantation cost sharing) policies played a role in the industry emergence. Because of the Chilean comparative advantage in plantation forestry, trade opening significantly increased land rents in forestry use relative to farming. More recently, equity considerations and concerns on allocation distortions of high quality land have resulted in the reorientation of cost sharing incentives toward small landholders, and to fragile or degraded soils. Harvest planning using LP optimization models, at the strategic and tactical levels, have contributed to achieve more efficient timber resource allocation and decision making on the location, timing and sizing of pulp, panel and saw mills. Because of the strong dependence on exports, the two largest companies are in the process of certifying their forest management with FSC. A new challenge for forest company managers, and to harvest scheduling modeling, emerges from the certification requirements which involve spatial constraints on harvesting activities.


Mario Niklitschek

M.Sc. and Ph.D in Agricultural and Resource Economics from Oregon State University and University of Mayland, respectively. Associated Professor of Natural Resource Economics at Universidad Austral de Chile.

Primary research interest are forest resource policy and the estimation of non-market economic values for environmental and resource services.

Selected Publications:

  • Niklitschek M. and G. Trincado. 2011. A cost effective stratified two-stage sampling design to estimate the forest land area of southern Chile. Can. J. For. Res. 41: 1509-1521.
  • Niklitschek M. 2007. Trade Liberalization and Land Use Changes: Explaining the Expansion of AfforestedLand in Chile. Forest Science 53 (3): 385-394.
  • Niklitschek M. and J. Leon. 1996. Combining Intended Demand and Yes/No Responses in the Estimation of Contingent Valuation Models. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 31, 387-402.
  • Niklitschek M. and E. Bobenrieth. 1992. Incentivos Económicos para una Explotación Eficiente del Bosque. Cuadernos de Economía 88: 463-480.
  • Lopez R, and M. Niklitschek. 1991. Dual Economic Growth in Poor Tropical Areas. Journal of Development Economics 36 (2): 189-211.