International Forum for Adaptability Science II:

Technologies for a Sustainable Society

 
 

Nov. 30-Dec. 3, 2010
Sendai, Japan

 
 
  ■Abstract Book can be downloaded here >>  
     
 
 Purpose
 
     
     
 

 

Today, the Earth’s environment is drastically changing due to global warming and human activities. These changes impact both organisms and ecosystems, altering landscapes, decreasing and shifting habitats, eliminating biodiversities, and so on. In this situation, the functions and services of organisms and ecosystems will be unable to maintain human society.

Is the impact of these changes broken down by current technologies? In order to continue to obtain natural resources, overcome natural disasters and diseases, and improve lifestyles, human beings have developed many kinds of technologies that enable point-by-point approaches to problems. For instance, civil engineering technology is useful to prevent decreases in coastal areas and is necessary for river management in urban development, including water utilization and disaster prevention. In agriculture, genetically monoclonal crops, which have resistance against single or multiple environmental factors, are grown on a large scale to increase the efficiency of crop yield. This kind of strategy is also applied for the obtainment of wood resources. Epidemic control uses chemical reagents, such as pesticides and antibiotics, to combat the spreading of infectious diseases, aiming at the eradication of pathogens.

Such nature-overcoming technology is, however, insufficient to deal with the currently severe environmental impact upon organisms and ecosystems, not only because of uncertainty in their response to environmental changes, but also because of environmental unpredictability. Ecosystem adaptability science* is a novel research domain regarding effective management schemes for the purpose of maintaining the functions and services of ecosystems by taking their adaptive environmental mechanisms into account. In the case of decreasing coastal areas, preservation technology for marine resources should be established based on the knowledge of nearshore ecosystems. Genetic diversity may conquer the reduction of yield in the midst of rapid environmental changes and spreading diseases. With the concept of ecological adaptability, epidemic control will also be more effective.

The “International Forum for Adaptability Science II: Technologies for a Sustainable Society” will be held in Sendai from Nov. 30–Dec. 3, 2010. In this second International Forum, we focus on “eco-adaptability technologies” that can maintain ecological functions and services and protect sustainable societies against environmental changes by applying the natural mechanisms of ecological adaptability. Because this challenging measure has not been established yet, we should integrate the knowledge of ongoing technologies to achieve the goals of ecosystem adaptability science. Therefore, forum members in widespread fields of technology—including fissure science, agriculture, forestry, epidemiology, and engineering—will be invited to participate by giving talks and taking part in discussions. The forum will be organized as a workshop, in which the talks in each session will be systematized. Help with organizing the forum and its agenda will be most welcome.

 
     
 
 Forum Program
 
     
 

Day 1   16:00-18:00
November 30, 2010 - Tuesday
at SAKURA Hall

 
 

Opening remarks

Concept of ecosystem adaptability science

Welcome party & Exhibition

 
     
 

Day 2   14:00-18:00
December 1, 2010 - Wednesday
at Sendai City Information & Industrial Plaza

 
 

Session 1: Technology for marine resource conservation

  • Yoshiro Watanabe - Sustainable Use of Fluctuating Living Marine Resources
  • Frédéric Guichard - From dynamic metapopulations to the design of marine reserve networks
  • Cameron Ainsworth - Tools for modeling marine food webs and fisheries
  • Susumu Chiba - Selective fishing causes unnatural changes in life history traits of exploited species
 
 
Poster session 1 (with some drinks & foods)
 
     
 

Day 3   9:30-20:30
December 2, 2010 - Thursday
at Sendai City Information & Industrial Plaza

 
 

Session 2: Sustainable agriculture under biotic and abiotic environmental changes

  • Sergio Rasmann - Belowground plant volatile emissions to enhance biological control of crop pest
  • Dana Cordell - Peak phosphorus: Sustainable management of a critical resource for global food production
  • Masanori Saito - Can manipulation of soil biological processes increase nutrient use efficiencies by crops? A case in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
  • Kazuaki Naito - Restoration of agricultural ecosystem under reintroduction of the oriental white stork
 
 

Session 3: Forest conservation resources to sustain society against environmental changes

  • Mark Swanson - Matrix management in the 21st century: challenges, conservation strategies, and technical approaches
  • Michael Wimberly - Forest Management for Sustainability in a Changing Environment
  • Nophea K. Sasaki - Managing forest resources for sustaining society under the REDD+ mechanism
  • Steven Strauss - Genetic modification of forest trees: A powerful tool gathering dust (hokori wo kabu-tteiru)?

 
 
Forum reception & Poster session 2
 
     
 

Day 4   9:30-17:30
December 3, 2010 - Friday
at Sendai City Information & Industrial Plaza

 
 

Session 4: Control of epidemics and ecological adaptability concepts

  • Jean-Marc Reichhart - The antimicrobial defense in Drosophila, a paradigm for Innate Immunity
  • Monde Ntwasa - E. intermedius potential for antimicrobial peptide development and for biofuel production
  • Kathy Han-Ching Wang - Alternative adaptive immunity in shrimp and its applications for the control of shrimp infectious diseases
  • Kaoru Azumi - New method for the risk assessment of marine chemical pollutants using ascidian DNA microarrays

 
 

Session 5: Ecological control of urban environments

  • Allen P. Davis - Ecological Treatment of Urban Storm Water Runoff
  • Abraham A. Mabelis - Ecological control of urban environments
  • Francisco J. Escobedo - Integrating ecosystem adaptability science, ecosystem services, and policies to mitigate urbanization and climate change effects

 
 

General discussion

Closing remarks

 
     
 

Organizing Committees
Kazunori Nakano, Yoshihisa Suyama, Minoru Ikeda, Shoichiro Kurata, Akira Goto, Hai-Liang Song, Hiromi Kato, Tomokazu Yamazak
i

 
 

Access Map
*SAKURA Hall
http://www.tagen.tohoku.ac.jp/en/access3.html
*Sendai City Information & Industrial Plaza/Multi-purpose Hall
http://www.siip.city.sendai.jp/netu/english.html

 
 

Abstract Template
Abstract Template ('.doc' file) can be downloaded at this site.
http://gema.biology.tohoku.ac.jp/gcoe_forum/abstract_ifas2010.doc